Jahnavi Tours and Travels
VIJAYAWADA CITY, A.P., INDIA Cell: +91 9848110404
Traffic Rules & Regulations
Do not Drive without these Documents
On demand by a police officer in uniform or an officer of the Transport Department,
produce these documents for inspection.
Rules of the road
KEEP LEFT on a two-way road to
allow traffic from the opposite direction to pass on your right and on a one-way
road to allow vehicles behind you to overtake from your
DIRECTION INDICATORS Better use directions indicstors instead of hands singlals and both in case of any emergancy.
WEARING A HELMET FOR TWO WHEELER DRIVERS
is a statutory requirement. The helmet must conform to the ISI
standards and should bear the ISI mark. Helmet works as a shield for your head
in case of a mishap. It is designed for your individual safety and not as a
cover to avoid legal prosecution. For complete safety tie the strap properly
otherwise the helmet may slip from your head in case of an accident head injury.
(Turban wearing Sikhs are exempted from using a helmet).
MAINTAIN AN ADEQUATE DISTANCE from
the vehicle ahead of you to avoid collision if that vehicle suddenly slows down
or stops. A chart to guide you on minimum braking time required at different
speeds is given on page 33 for your information.
ON MOUNTAINS AND STEEP ROADS the
vehicle driving uphill must be given the right of way by vehicles coming
downhill. If the road is not sufficiently wide, pull your vehicle to a stop on
the side of the road and allow the driver going uphill to proceed
WHEN ROAD REPAIR WORK is going on,
slow down and drive at a speed not exceeding twenty five kilometers per hour.
DRIVERS OF TRACTORS AND GOODS VEHICLES
are prohibited from carrying passengers for hire or reward. In a
tractor, the driver should not carry any other person and in a goods vehicle, he
should not exceed the number of persons permitted in the driver's
DO NOT CARRY GOODS on a motor
vehicle in a manner that may cause danger to any person, or load it thus that
the goods extend laterally beyond the side, front or to the rear of the vehicle.
Carrying of explosives, inflammable or dangerous substances by any public
service vehicle is also prohibited.
CARRY ONLY ONE PILLION RIDER on
your two wheeler. You must carry the rider only on the back seat. Do not allow
any rider to sit or stand in front of you (not even children). It is not only
illegal but often becomes dangerous because sudden braking may throw out the
child or person hitting the vehicle in front. It is a violation of law to carry
goods on your two wheeler as the rider may lose balance easily leading to
DO NOT DRIVE BACKWARDS longer than
necessary, and do ensure that you do not cause danger or inconvenience to any
other person or vehicle while doing so.
DO NOT DRIVE on the road if you
are unwell or after taking medication that is likely to impair your driving
abilities including tonics that may have an alcohol content in
SHARING THE ROAD
Drivers often forget that roads are not just for
them alone. This can make things difficult on the road for pedestrians,
cyclists, scooterists and motor cyclists who do not have solid protections
around them. They are entitled to your care and consideration. Always keep a
close watch on other road users. Children, for example, may do unexpected
things. Elderly pedestrians may move more slowly than you expect or may not see
or hear you until you are too close.
ALWAYS GIVE WAY TO PEDESTRIANS if there is danger to their safety. Take extra care if they are children or elderly people. There are some obvious places and times where you should take extra care like shopping centres, busy intersections, schools, parks and residential areas where children and others have a greater need of crossing the road. Also, in wet weather, people may hurry and take risks. At night remember that pedestrians may not always be aware how hard it can be for you to see them. Be careful when approaching parked cars or buses. It is difficult to see or anticipate people crossing from behind them. Slow down at pedestrian crossings or intersections, specially if you are turning.
You must give way to pedestrians on a pedestrian crossing. This means you must approach the crossing at a speed which will let you stop in time. Not all pedestrians look before they step onto a crossing. So watch out for anyone approaching and be ready to stop.
You must stop if a pedestrian is on a school
crossing. This applies even if there is no crossing supervisor present.
Stop at the stop line until all pedestrians are off the crossing.
NEVER INDULGE IN ZIG-ZAG DRIVING,
specially on two wheelers. It is not only dangerous for you but is a danger for
others also. Motorcycles have a high accelerating power. Don't misuse it. Don't
overtake when it is not necessary. Remember, at higher speed the slightest
collision can prove to be fatal.
DO NOT OVERTAKE
another vehicle that has stopped at a pedestrian school crossing. That
driver may have stopped, or may be stopping, for a pedestrian you cannot see.
YOU MUST GIVE WAY to pedestrians
when you are entering or leaving private property such as a driveway. If you
cannot see whether anyone is coming, sound your horn and then drive out very
CYCLISTS AND MOTORCYCLISTS have the same rights and responsibilities as drivers of larger vehicles. When overtaking cyclists, leave at least one metre clearance. Don't try to share the lane with them. Cycle riders are entitled to ride two abreast. Also, when you are about to alight from your car, check for bicycle riders or scooterists to avoid opening your door in their path. Children on cycles can also be unpredictable. Take extra care of them.
Bicycles scooters and
motorcycles are smaller than cars and therefore harder to see. A common cause of
accidents is the failure of a right-turning driver to notice an oncoming
motorcycle as motorcycle accelerate much faster than cars. What appears to be a
safe gap in traffic may not be if there is an oncoming motorcycle or a
Bicycles can travel surprisingly fast. 30 km/h is
not unusual. Drivers can easily underestimate their speed. Be careful not to cut
them off when turning in front of them.
WHEN OVERTAKING do so from right
of the vehicles you are passing. If the driver of the vehicle in front of you
indicates that he is turning right, you may pass from his left. Remember not to
cut in onto heavy vehicles. They need more room to slow down and
DRIVING AT NIGHT
There are fewer cars on the road at night. This does not increase your safety in any manner. This is because speeds are higher, people and bicycles are difficult to see and other motorists or pedestrians may have been drinking. Drive slowly and you will be able to react better. At higher speeds, the stopping distance exceeds the seeing distance thereby causing accidents.
The high beam is useful for extra seeing distance. However, you must dip your headlights to low beam when an approaching vehicle is within 200m, or die other vehicle's headlights dip, whichever is sooner. Also dip your headlights when driving 200m or less behind another vehicle.
Remember not to use high beam in foggy conditions
as your light reflects back, reducing visibility. Also remember to use your
dipper at night.
HOW TO STOP QUICKLY
The best way to stop quickly is to drive slowly. Sometimes, unexpected things happen quickly. A driver can pull out of a side street without warning. A pedestrian can suddenly step out from behind a parked car. A truck can drop some of its load. A scooterist or motorcyclist could hit a pot-hole and fall off. If you are travelling too fast, it may be difficult to avoid an accident.
In the diagram below one of the cars is driving at a speed higher by only 10 km/h. A truck suddenly pulls up in front. If both drivers brake hard at the same time, one car will avoid a collision while the other will strike the truck at 30 km/h. (These calculations are based on ideal road conditions, good drivers and well-maintained cars. This may not be the case always.)
RIGHT OF WAY
At some crossroads there are no traffic lights or signs. When you come to one of these intersections you must give way to vehicles travelling in the intersection on your right as marked below:
You must also give way to the right at intersections where the lights have failed. If yours and an oncoming vehicle are turning right at an intersection both cars should pass in front of each other.
If the other drivers do not give way to you, do not commit the same mistake they are doing.
Give way to fire engines and ambulances by driving your vehicles to the side of the road.
Give way to pedestrians at crossings that are not regulated.
Give way to traffic already in the lane you are moving into.
At T-intersections the vehicle travelling on the road that ends must give way to any vehicle travelling on the road that continues (unless otherwise sign-posted). The give way to the right rule does not apply to T-intersections.
ROUNDABOUTS AND HOW TO APPROACH THEM
An intersection with a central traffic island is called a roundabout. Give way to vehicles already on the road. If you are turning, as you approach or exit the roundabout, you must use your indicator to show where you are going. Always slow down and prepare to give way at a roundabout. Please follow lane markings on the road leading to the roundabout.
If there are no lane demarcations, do not overtake from the left. Enter the roundabout when there is a safe gap in the traffic.
When turning left, stay on the left. When going straight, from whichever lane you enter, drive in the same position through the roundabout. When turning right, drive close to the centre of the roundabout. Take care while changing position on the roundabout, particularly when exiting.
WHEN TAKING A U-TURN signal by hand the way you
would for a right turn, observing the traffic behind you in your rear view
mirror at the same time. Do not take a U-turn where it is specifically
U-turns can be dangerous. Be extra
careful while taking one. Make sure it is safe and let other motorists know by
signalling at least 30 metres before you turn.
STEADY GREEN ARROW
Road Signs ( Mandatory)
All the compulsory signs are indicated in a circular form. The violation of traffic or road regulations indicated buy these signs is a legal offence !
These are signs indicated in a triangular form. They are meant for the safety of the road user :
These gives you information about such things as high way facilities, parking facilities etc and you can recognise them from their blue backround.
Traffic Police Hand Signals
Other Information : Types of Line Markings